Friday Forum Fall Semester 2004-05

September 3, 2004 - Mike Boehm (Project Director for the Madison Quaker Projects in Vietnam)
"Micro Loan Projects and Other Experimental Projects in Central Vietnam"
Micro loan projects among poor women in Quang Nai Province in Vietnam; slide show that is very moving, showing many of the women who have received loans in My Lai Village. The loan projects, which are similar to those of the Grameen Bank in Bangladesh, are very impressive.

September 10, 2004 - Andrew Causey (Anthropology, Columbia College, Chicago)
"Out of the Swim: Post-Tourism Times at Lake Toba, North Sumatra" 
Andrew Causey discusses the effects of severely declining tourism on the lives of Toba Bataks living on Samosir Island, Lake Toba, Sumatra. Based on a recent return trip to the area, Causey addresses social and economic changes that have transpired since his fieldwork in 1994-1995.

September 17, 2004 - Ken George (Anthropology, UW - Madison)
"Violence, Culture, and the Indonesian Public Sphere: Reworking the Geertzian Legacy"

September 24, 2004- Robert Hefner (Anthropology, Boston University)
"Islam & the Cultural Possibility of Democracy: Some Bittersweet Lessons from Indonesia" 
This paper examines recent developments in Indonesian Muslim politics with an eye to assessing the obstacles and achievements of Indonesia's civil-democratic Muslims. It also uses Indonesian case as a point of reflection on some general challenges to democratization in the Muslim world.

October 1, 2004 - Felicidad A.Prudente (Ph.D. Ethnomusicology, University of the Philippines)
"The Jama Mapun Kulintangan: Gong Tradition of Tawi-Tawi, Philippines" Abstract: The presentation expounds on the Jama Mapun kulintangan as a metaphor of dynamic interaction within the Sulu zone. Video clips of kulintangan ensemble performance will complement the lecture.

October 8, 2004 - Paul Kramer (History, John Hopkins University)
"The Blood of Government: Race and Empire Between the United Sates and the Philippines"

October 15, 2004 - Baskara T. Wardaya (History, Sanata Dharma University) ***260 Bascom Hall***
"Cold War Shadow: U.S. Foreign Policy Toward Indonesia During the Eisenhower and Kennedy Administrations (1953-1963)"
With the Indonesian communists continuing to be on the rise, the administration of President Dwight D. Eisenhower (1953-1961) decided to involve itself directly in preventing a communist takeover of Indonesia. Working through the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA), in 1957-1958 the administration supported the Indonesian regional military commands in their opposition to Indonesia’s central government and military command, which the administration thought were pro-communist. In policy attitudes slightly different from those of the Eisenhower administration, the short-lived administration of President John F. Kennedy (1961-1963) presented itself to be more open to the aspiration of the Indonesian people, as it was more open to the aspirations of other newly-independent countries. The administration’s willingness to mediate Dutch-Indonesian dispute over West New Guinea as well as its eagerness to prevent Indonesia’s opposition to the Federation of Malaysia into a direct military conflict demonstrated such openness. 
Continuing the Truman and Eisenhower administrations’ tradition of viewing Indonesia under the shadow of the Cold War, however, the Kennedy administration’s policies on the two issues were motivated by fear of losing Indonesia to the communists.
As it realized the importance of Indonesia to remain noncommunist and to stay neutral in the Cold War antagonism—particularly when in Vietnam the communists appeared to be gaining control by the day—the administration intended to address Indonesia’s concerns and rebuild U.S.-Indonesian relations. Unfortunately, President Kennedy’s plans to deal with the concerns and to build closer relations with Indonesia—including a plan to visit the country in early 1964—never materialized. The bullets that killed the President on November 22, 1963, also destroyed his initiatives to restore U.S.-Indonesian relations. ***260 Bascom Hall***

October 22, 2004 - Ian Coxhead (Agricultural and Applied Economics, UW-Madison)
"Emerging Trade with China and the Natural Resource Curse in S.E. Asia"
The rapid growth of China and its increasing integration with Asian and world markets is expected to have significant effects on the structure of production and trade in SE Asian economies, including the increased demand for natural resources. These trends will interact with decentralization, a phenomenon sweeping through Southeast Asia. If sufficiently severe, the combination of higher demand for natural resources and diminished constraints on their exploitation could expose the region to reduced rates of aggregate economic growth.

October 29, 2004 - Adam Knee (Film, Ohio University)
"Reappearing Bodies: The Curious Persistence of the Horror Genre in Contemporary Thai Cinema"
This talk will examine the prevalence of the horror genre in post-1996 Thai cinema. The focus will be on the genre's consistent preoccupations with issues of gender, of the body, and of history. The talk will close with speculation as to why this genre, resonant of woman's oppression and historical trauma, appears to so peculiarly haunt contemporary Thai culture. ***1418 Van Hise*******

November 5, 2004 - Martha Ratliff (Linguistics, Wayne State University)
"The Hmong Homeland"
The notion of a prehistoric "homeland" is mysterious and evocative, and therefore serves as a frequent topic of folk tales and popular histories. Although linguistic evidence can only take us back so far, I have used this more secure and objective form of evidence to establish a rough location for the Hmong-Mien peoples of Southeast Asia at c. 2000 BP that contradicts popular accounts.

November 12, 2004 - Michael Cullinane (CSEAS & History, UW-Madison)
“Bringing in the Brigands: The Politics of Pacification in the Colonial Philippines, 1902-1906”
Sponsored by Empire in Transition: A Cultural and Historical Case Study of the 
Philippines Lecture Series and Friday Forum Lecture Series.

November 15,2004- James Siegel (Anthropology, Cornell University) 
“The Expedition to Samalanga: Sword and Camera in Atjeh (1901)”
Sponsored by Cultural Anthropology Seminar Series and The Center for Southeast Asian Studies.
The jihad takes on multiple meanings in Islam. One example occurred in the war between Acehnese and Dutch which began in 1873. It is striking that in the war that wages today between Acehnese and the Indonesian army, the jihad in its old form is missing. Just what jihad was in the 19th and early 20th centuries and its effects on memory is approached obliquely through the use (and refusal) of photography in Indonesia. Necessarily this is accompanied by a commentary on the aesthetic of the photograph.

November 19, 2004 - Jack Rutledge (Agricultural and Life Sciences, UW-Madison)
"Applications of Reproductive Biology Technology and Indigenous Knowledge to Dairying in Southeast Asia" 
Increased domestic milk production is a goal of many third-world countries, but productive breeds lack tropical adaptation while tropically adapted breeds (or species) lack productive capability. For centuries it has been known that crosses of the two types yield an excellent dairy animal, but breeding from the hybrid base is fruitless. Since reproductive excess in cattle is meager and half the calves born are male and useless for milk production, systems of production based on natural reproduction utilizing the crosses are untenable. Technology intervention using sex-control and in vitro embryo production remove these impediments.

November 26, 2004 - Thanksgiving Recess: NO FF

November 29, 2004 - John Duffy (English/Writing Center, Notre Dame University)
“Literacy, Identity, and the Hmong in Laos, 1950-1975”

This talk examines the intersections of literacy development and identity construction as experienced by the Hmong of Laos from 1950 to 1975. Duffy will discuss the role of the state, of missionary Christians, and of the United States CIA in using literacy to promote identities for the Hmong people, and he considers the ways in which the Hmong used their newly developed literacy skills to revise and re-imagine these

December 3, 2004 - Kurt Schwabe (Environ. Sci., UC-Riverside)
"Orang Asli Communities in Peninsular Malaysia: Activities, Income, and Well-being"
While overall poverty in Malaysia has been reduced to less than 8% in recent years, a disproportionate 81% of Orang Asli still live below the poverty line (Nicholas 2002). This research investigates the potential role of markets, natural resource availability, and government in influencing the poverty and well-being of one particular Orang Asli community, the Jah Hut.

December 10,2004 - Ingrid Muan (Fine Arts, Royal University of Fine Arts, Phnom Penh)
“Haunted S: Painting and History in Phnom Penh”cenes (Last Friday Forum) 
This presentation considers the history of painting and the painting of history in Phnom Penh during the 20th century. Muan will briefly sketch successive representational regimes of two dimensional ornament (the Protectorate period) and the view from life (the period of Independence), before considering the way in which these two regimes intertwine to haunt contemporary painting in the city today. Bringing undercurrents to the surface through this formal analysis, Muan then considers the subjects of contemporary painting in order to speculate what these representations and their omissions - might reveal about contemporary urban society in Cambodia.